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The Big 8™ are 8 skill sets, each set containing related skills and strategies that every teacher needs to hone and to master in order to actively engage their students in learning. With trained eyes, every observer can spot each of The Big 8™ and its elements. With intent and focus, every practitioner can master each of The Big 8™.

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MAXIMIZING STUDENT ENGAGEMENT
THE BIG 8 Instructional Focus The Strategies (in brief)
1
Expectations
Expect Results in Real Time Make sure students understand and follow your directions
Transition Smoothly Guide students to make efficient physical and mental transitions from one activity to another.
Develop Good Habits Turn procedures and expected behaviors into habits.
2
Time Management
Manage Students’ Time Define time requirements (start times, end times) and develop time awareness through practice.
3
Cueing
Give Positive Reminders Support expectations with positive statements.
4
Attention
Prompt for Attention Use verbal prompts and physical stance to get students’ attention for upcoming instruction or direction.
5
Proximity
Use Stance and Movement Move strategically to maximize proximity including eye-contact with students.
6
Signals
Encourage Student Signals Give students ways to signal that they are ready, finished, or need help.
7
Voice
Say It Right Raise and lower your voice to deliver information with interest. Always choose clear and appropriate language.
8
Tasking
Ask and Direct Shape questions and devise activities to engage students directly in responding.